By Graham Brightwell
A freight forwarder sometimes called a freight forwarding agent acts on behalf of exporters, importers, and other companies or individuals to organise the timely, efficient, safe, and cost-effective movement of goods. Such shipments can be for individual persons or for other companies, such as retailers or manufacturers.
He arranges the best possible means of transport, considering the type of goods and the delivery requirements of customers. He makes use of the services of airlines, airlines, and rail and road freight operators. In some situations, the freight forwarding firm itself provides such service, instead of using the services of carriers.
A freight forwarder often acts as an agent, and not an active carrier. In such way, he is a third party, a non-asset-based logistics provider working to dispatch shipments thru carriers who are asset-based. Freight forwarding jobs generally involve booking and arranging space for freight shipments on carriers, such as cargo planes, cargo ships, trains, and trucks.
Some of typical work activities of a freight forwarder are the following (activities vary depending on the size and type of the employer):
* planning and investigating the most suitable route for shipments, taking into careful consideration the hazardous or perishable nature of goods, as well as the security, cost, and transit time;
* arranging suitable packing, taking into consideration the weight, climate, terrain, cost, nature of goods, delivery, and warehousing of the goods at the final destination;
* checking and preparing necessary documents to meet the requirements of customs and insurance, compliance with foreign countries fiscal regimes and regulations, and packing specifications;
* offering appropriate consolidation services via ocean, air, road, and rail, making sure that solutions are secure and cost-effective for small shippers who have cargo that is insufficient to require their own units;
* arranging insurance and helping clients in case there s a claim;
* arranging payment of shipment and other collection of payment or charges on behalf of client;
* offering IT solutions and EDI (electronic data interchange) connections;
* liaising with third parties to transport good (via sea, rail, air, or road) in accordance with the requirement of customer;
* using satellite systems, internet technology, and e-commerce to track goods in real time;
* acting as broker in worldwide customs negotiations to guide freights through complex procedures;
* arranging air transport for time-sensitive or urgent and highly valuable freight and managing any risks involved, door to door;
* dealing with any special arrangements for moving delicate cargo, such as food, livestock, and medical supplies;
* closely working with colleagues, third parties, and customer to make sure operations are smooth and deadlines are met;
* acting as consultant in custom issues and concerns;
* maintaining control and communication through all stages of the transport, including the generation of management reports and unit and statistical cost analysis;
* maintaining up-to-date knowledge of relevant political situations, legislation, and other factors that can affect the transport of freight;
* arranging rentals for huge volume, out-of-gauge or project shipments via sea and air.
At a more senior level, the role of a freight forwarder likewise involves managing staff members and supervising activities within a certain department or specialising in a specific sector, such as air freight or sea freight.
The success of your shipment, highly depends on your freight forwarder. So work only with a highly experienced freight forwarder Perth1. Follow the given links to learn more about a quaified freight forwarding company like UC Brokers2.
- ^ highly experienced freight forwarder Perth (ucbrokersperth.wordpress.com)
- ^ quaified freight forwarding company like UC Brokers (www.aussieweb.com.au)
Courtesy Ronald Reagan Library / via Federal Highway Administration
President Reagan signs the Surface Transportation Assistance Act into law, sparking a fight with the trucking industry.
Automakers like General Motors, BMW, and Volkswagen are making a big effort to get more Americans into diesel-powered cars.
There are lots of reasons to love diesel cars1: They offer a ton of torque and excellent fuel economy, and they’re not as dirty and loud as they once were we were thrilled with the latest diesel Audis2.
But the fact remains that in the U.S., diesel is more expensive than the gasoline that powers nearly all our passenger vehicles and that’s an obstacle to growing its popularity.
Why is that the case, when the reverse is true in Europe?
The difference dates back to a bitter conflict between President Ronald Reagan, Congress, and the trucking industry, and unfortunately it’s not going anywhere.
Entering office in 1981, Reagan soon recognized the need to increase funding for the country s highway system: Four thousand miles of highway needed resurfacing and 23,000 bridges needed repair or replacement.
That need gave birth to the Surface Transportation Assistance Act (STAA) of 1982. Because trucks cause more damage to roads than passenger cars, the bill included a higher user tax on heavy trucks, along with a $.05 per gallon increase on gasoline and diesel taxes. At the time, the two fuels were taxed equally.
That fear was confirmed in a 1984 report4 from the Government Accountability Office (GAO), which estimated taxes on very heavy trucks (70,000 pounds and up) would jump from $1,506 to $1,742, or from $1.40 to $1.56 per mile driven.
And at least a quarter of that would have to be paid at the start of the fiscal year, adding an extra financial burden.
The powerful American Trucking Associations (ATA) was appalled by the proposal, according to a detailed account of the legislative battle5 by Richard Weingroff, an information liaison specialist at the Federal Highway Administration.
ATA President Bennett C. Whitlock, Jr. talked to quite a few senators,” he told the Washington Post at the time. “We’re asking them to vote against the conference report and to start over again in the next session of Congress in establishing new truck-use fees.
The heavy truck fees were supposed to take effect in July 1984. They never did.
A Tax Is Born
After losing the battle in the legislature, the trucking industry kept up its vocal opposition. Two days after the bill became law, the Washington Post ran a story calling the truck lobby one of the best-financed and strongest interest groups on Capitol Hill.
The article noted that the ATA s political action committee gave nearly $300,000 to 398 congressional candidates during the 1982 elections.
Rep. James J. Howard (D-NJ) told The Post he saw the ATA s loss as an aberration due to the fact there was a tremendous push for a jobs bill and a huge highway and transit bill.
In late January, the issue became violent. Despite opposition from the ATA and other industry groups, the Independent Truckers Association led a strike by drivers around the country, The New York Times reported7.
In addition to striking, opponents of the fee began attacking drivers who continued on their routes. One trucker, George Franklin Capps of North Carolina, was shot through the neck by a sniper and killed while driving. Seven other North Carolina drivers were shot at, according to The New York Times.
California trucker Howard N. Adams was shot in the chest and lived, and a 14-year-old girl was riding in a car near Pittsburgh when she was hit in the head with a brick that was apparently thrown at a truck from an overpass.
The strike did not last long and was never widespread, but the violence it kicked up highlighted the passion among truckers over the use fees.
It didn t take long for popular opinion to shift against the use fee. The month the bill became law, the Department of Transportation signaled it would be willing to see the truck fees replaced with an increased tax on diesel, the fuel used by large trucks and a few passenger cars.
By February of the next year, The New York Times was referring8 to the highly unpopular truck-tax legislation passed in 1982, and Secretary of Transportation Elizabeth Dole put forward a plan to reduce the fee and increase the tax rate on diesel.
The idea behind taxing diesel is that it s used by all trucks, but few passenger cars. That way, trucks still pay their fair share, in accordance with how much time they spend on the road and they re not hit with large fees they must pay up front.
In 1984, Reagan signed the Deficit Reduction Act (raising taxes by $50 billion) into law, sharply cutting the use fee and raising the tax on diesel from $.09/gallon to $.14/gallon. A report from the Joint Committee on Taxation explained the rationale:
Higher rates scheduled to take effect under the Highway Revenue Act of 1982 would have imposed a large tax on trucking operations which did not necessarily relate to the amount of business they might do, and that an alternative form of highway excise taxation should be devised which is more definitely correlated with the use of trucks. Therefore, Congress decided to substitute a high diesel fuel tax for a lower use tax.
Where We Are Now
GM introduced Chevy Cruze Diesel this year.
Since then, diesel has been taxed more heavily than gasoline. Today, the federal excise tax on gasoline is $0.184/gallon. For diesel, it s $0.244/gallon.
The 1984 law included a tax credit to help out owners of diesel-powered light vehicles. That tax credit no longer exists, though you do get a break if you buy diesel9 for use on a farm, a nonprofit educational organization, or an aircraft museum.
And while it s possible that kind of credit could be reinstated, there are more calls for raising fuel taxes than lowering them even from the trucking lobby.
The diesel tax is a fair way to account for the impact trucks have on the road, Darrin Roth, director of highway operations at the American Trucking Associations, said in an interview. We think it should be even higher than it is.
It s clear, he said, that there isn t enough money going into highways for necessary repairs and expansions, both of which help truckers.
Stephen Comstock, tax policy manager at the American Petroleum Institute, said he is starting to see strong interest in the idea of bumping up taxes. Former Secretary of Transportation Ray LaHood called on Congress to raise the gas tax earlier this month.
You ve got to have a big pot of money. We don t have it now.
If those taxes do go up, there s no reason to believe they would suddenly be equaled.
There are other ways to get more funding to the Highway Trust Fund. Oregon has looked at taxation based on vehicle miles, Comstock said, but that s considerably more complicated than just taxing fuel.
And what about going back to the original idea of creating a fee for trucks and taxing gasoline and diesel equally?
We wouldn t be in favor of that, Roth, of the American Trucking Associations, said.
Sorry, automakers. That diesel tax isn t going anywhere.
- ^ lots of reasons to love diesel cars (www.businessinsider.com)
- ^ we were thrilled with the latest diesel Audis (www.businessinsider.com)
- ^ December 1982 New York Times article (www.nytimes.com)
- ^ confirmed in a 1984 report (www.gao.gov)
- ^ detailed account of the legislative battle (www.fhwa.dot.gov)
- ^ Reagan signed the bill into law (www.reagan.utexas.edu)
- ^ The New York Times reported (www.nytimes.com)
- ^ The New York Times was referring (www.nytimes.com)
- ^ you do get a break if you buy diesel (www.irs.gov)
- ^ he said at an event (mobilitylab.org)
- ^ according to The Washington Post (articles.washingtonpost.com)
- ^ according to Bloomberg (www.bloomberg.com)
Building work has finished on Network Rail s new state-of-the-art warehouse at the former Peugeot plant
A new 25million road haulage distribution centre has opened near Coventry creating up to 100 jobs.
A ceremony was held today to official open the 300,000 sq ft centre which will be a hub for Network Rail s National Delivery Service.
Bosses say the new purpose-built warehouse has created around 100 jobs as well as supporting a number of construction jobs whilst it was being built.
The project saw the closure of three warehouses based at Worcester, Lichfield and Ludgershall, and the relocation of workers to the central hub.
Steve Dady, business manager of Network Rail, said: By having everything in one place it means there is no duplication of resources around the country.
“It has also meant that bulk products can be stored more easily and items often left at track side can be returned to the centre and reutilised.
Bosses claim the new base will deliver annual benefits of 5 million a year with delivery costs reduced and less traffic on the road.
The new warehouse also boasts a number of environmentally-friendly features including filtering rain water from the roof to flush the toilets.
Throughout the project, the team has worked closely with the local parish council to ensure villagers knew what was going on.
Teresa Beadle, project manager of Network Rail, added: Taking their views on board was an important part of the project. One of their concerns was how we could manage noise levels at unsocial hours.
“This we have done by ensuring our vehicles are loaded so they can be driven straight out in the morning without reversing.
The facility has gone fully operational a month ahead of schedule and only ten months since construction work started on the warehouse.
A Louisville-based trucking company is planning to replace its entire fleet with natural gas-powered vehicles.
M&M Cartage1 a trucking company that has most of its fleet in Louisville has already begun switching its trucks from diesel to compressed natural gas. In four years, the company will have replaced all 120 of its older vehicles with CNG trucks.
This move will have a significant effect on the company s carbon footprint. Vehicles that run on compressed natural gas have drastically lower emissions than those that run on diesel or gasoline (though drilling for natural gas has environmental effects, too). Hayden says about 70 percent of his fleet was built before 2006, which means they aren t subject to stricter pollution controls.
Kentucky is giving M&M $800,000 in economic incentives for the project. But it ll be millions more for the company to build a CNG fueling station and buy the new trucks themselves.
M&M CEO Don Hayden said there are many reasons the company is planning the switch to natural gas.
It helps us control our fuel costs, hopefully to be competitive in the marketplace going forward, he said. It s a domestic product, it s not a foreign product. There are just so many things lining up in its favor.
And he said the large amount of money the company is spending makes sense, when the benefits from using natural gas are taken into account. CNG in Louisville is currently about $2.49 for the equivalent of a gallon. Diesel is currently around $3.78.
M&M will replace its trucks gradually over the next few years. There s already one CNG station in Louisville open to the public:2 it s run by Waste Management, which switched several of its trucks to CNG recently.
- ^ M&M Cartage (mmcartage.com)
- ^ already one CNG station in Louisville open to the public: (wfpl.org)
AMERICAN TRUCKING ASSOCIATIONS
American Trucking Associations is the voice of the trucking industry – influencing policy, supporting education & advancing profitability on America’s highways.
Education is the key element to forming and changing public opinion, and we encourage the entire industry to get involved.
Professional development provide a deep pool of technical expertise, and raise the bar of industry expectations.
Trucks deliver everything from the good stuff to life’s essentials, and they do so safely, securely and on time.
You Want To Start Your Own Import Export Business
Get Started Today and Discover How You Can Have Me As Your Personal Trainer
Hello, I m Lance Scoular.
For over 35 years I have been quietly making vast sums of money with my own Import Export Businesses and for the last 10 years I have been teaching people how to make big money as import export business owners. I use a series of methods that are so simple, you can literally put them to use as soon as you learn them.
Over the years I ve coached people just like you to build very successful Import Export Businesses that have allowed their dreams to come true. I ve helped them to build solid financial futures that allow them to sleep well at night because they know they will never be short of cash again.
They ll never again have the credit card companies sending them nasty letters and they ll never have to think about foreclosing on their house or having their car repossessed. All these worries are no longer a part of their thinking. You too can rid yourself of these unneeded stresses and live with the security of knowing that you have a vehicle that will always make you money. Isn t that a better way to live?
I want to show you how to get your fair share of the millions available from your own Import Export Business
In fact, becoming an import export agent is one of the easiest ways to get rich in America and for that matter anywhere in the world today!
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Starting your own Import Export business has all the features of a easy-to-do, home based money making system.
And the best thing is .You can get started in your spare time with very little or even NO Money!
Some of the perks of the Import Export Business are !
- You get to make lots of money from this enormous industry that most people don t even know about.
- Your basic start up equipment is an internet connection and computer.
- You can start part-time and later you can expand to full time if and when you re ready.
- You get to work your own hours and to be your own boss. I hope you like your boss!
In fact, it is one of the few businesses where you can start with nothing and build it to the point where you have a very profitable, hands-off business that makes you hundreds of thousands of dollars a year.
One of the great things I love about International Trade is that you can do it from anywhere in the world. You choose the products you want to work with. If you ve got some interest (a hobby) in certain products or niches, then that s generally a great place to start. Why? Because you already have some knowledge of the product, so you ll be interested and jazzed up about working with it!
It s one of the few businesses where you can truly get your life back. NO BOSS. And not only that, there are really no restrictions on where you have to live. You see most traditional businesses tie you to one place but not the import export business.
As Your Own Boss You Call AllThe Shots
This means that you decide when you work and when you play!
One of the biggest benefits is the experience of total freedom and the excitement of living life on your terms.
If you decide you want to live in another part of the world for longer than just a vacation, then you can do it! Just set up your small office (basically a phone and a computer) and you are good to go.
You see, once you ve learnt the basics of the Import Business or Export Business, you ll be able to do it from anywhere in the world. And the skills you learn you ll have and use forever.
That s a critical difference between going back to school to further your education for your job (J.O. B. means just over broke! ) and working for yourself! Learning more for your job is always going to help your boss more than it will help you.
STOP working so hard making money for your boss who doesn t care about you!
With Your Import Export Business You ll Never Again Fear Being Downsized
Importing and exporting is never going to stop as the world marketplace will always continue to trade. It s always made money for the people that have known how to use it You can now be one of these people who know the secrets of world trade. In fact, now is actually better than ever as there is a critical shortage of experienced import export agents right now!
Even in these tough economic times, most businesses do not have their own import or export agents and wish they did!
All you need is the right training so you can take advantage of this in-demand position that is staring you in the face.
New Trade agreements between China, India, South America and hundreds of countries around the world means that there are billions of dollars of product moving each month between these countries. So what you re probably wondering now is how do YOU get a piece of that action?
If you really want to know how start an import business or an export business then put your name and email address in the box above and get a copy of our free report that will give you a clear picture of what this is all about. After you read this report you will know if this business if right for you.
Should I Choose a Product First or Find a Market That Interests Me First ?
If you already have a product in mind then you are in the right place.
I can help you with your marketing needs. Once you sign up to be coached by me I can help you research and verify your product s viability. We ll discuss if the product is likely to make you money before you go investing any time in your project. This is one of the biggest mistakes new people make when they get started.
They first choose the product before doing research on the amount of demand in the marketplace. (By doing this new agents are putting the cart before the horse.)
It just makes common sense to make sure that your product is in demand, and can be sourced at a good price that will make you the most profit. I m sure you ll agree with that. The sticky part is having the insider information to knowing if a product is profitable to market or not. And how to get that product sourced, or produced, moved and sold.
I m going to show you how to evaluate the market for your product and make sure that you always pick winners. Plus I ll share my insider trading secrets with my sources and contacts in the countries you want to do business with.
If you don t have a product in mind, we can work together to find one.
I will show you how to do thorough market analysis and research, how to identify an in-demand product with a high enough margin so you can make good money on it. I ll coach you to make sure your product is not a competitor saturated product market . We ll go over everything you need to know to get it from the manufacturer to the consumer.
It just doesn t get any simpler than that!
Can I Work With Local Manufacturers Who Don t Export?
This is your golden opportunity because most local manufactures haven t tapped into the export market.
You are probably thinking why haven t they ?
First, the reality is most local manufacturers don t know where to start. And second, they are just so busy running their business that it really hasn t even been a consideration. Can you see where there is a big hole in their thinking?
Once you develop your import export skills and have some experience you can easily offer your services to help these local businesses open new international markets. The fact is they will pay you handsomely for helping them!
There are fortunes to be made. And one way to make them is to help your local manufacturers develop an international presence they will love you for it. All this comes with no money or risk to you.
All it takes is some of your spare time to be trained to do it.
As an Import Export Agent all the financial transactions are paid for by the manufacturer. The Freight chargers, Freight Forwarders, Insurances, Customs and even your marketing to find trade leads can be paid for by the manufacturer. You take NO RISK. But you get to profit from every transaction now and into the future!
So why is there so much money in this industry?
One of the reasons there is so much profit in the import export business is because the profit margins are so huge.
Think of it this way When you buy a product for 30 cents and sell it for $2.00 you can see how these incredibly high profit margins can make you very rich, very quickly.
Here s an example:
Do you know how much it costs for Nike to make a running shoe .. Less than $10.00 total cost, and how much do they sell them for .. $120-$200. That s where the real money is. Now are you ready to find out more? You bet you are!
As an import export agent you make a significant amount of money, with no risk, and easily can get started in your spare time!
Now do you see why importers and exporters make BIG MONEY?
The fact is, they have such big margins to work with that they can afford to make a few mistakes every now and then and still make lots of money.
You can get started, with little financial investment and just your spare time. Over 400 people just like you, have been coached by me to quickly and confidently start their own import export business. Many are financially free!
If I m Ready to Get Started Building My Import Export BusinessWhat Do I Really Need To Get Started?
You can get started today, with just an Internet Connection that s really all you need.
In the past I would have said a telephone and a fax but now with Skype and virtual fax machines you can do everything through the internet. With Skype and a laptop your office can be anywhere you choose!
So Do I Really Need a Coach and Trainer to Help Me Get Started?
You could try to work it all out yourself, but that would be a very expensive and timely process. I m sure you don t have the time or money to waste playing the game of trial and error. Not when I m here ready to teach you the shortcuts to your freedom.
I ll show you exactly what you need to do so you can put all the pieces together quickly. That way you can start making money in the fastest possible way. Without a coach you could be struggling for years trying to work this out. What would you prefer to have 3 months from now? A business that is making money or a business that is still trying to work out which way is up?
Do I Really Need Your Free Report about making money in the import export business?
I want to begin teaching you as soon as you are ready to get started and I want to send you, absolutely FREE, my concise report on How to Get Started With Your Own Import Export Business. Just put your name in the form at the top right of this page and I ll send it straight to you.
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This Report will show you why the import export business is the most effective way to get rich today.
In The Free Report You Will Learn Why .
- It s easy to do and you why you are perfectly positioned to do it now
- You don t need any of your own money to get started.
- You don t need to set up any fancy company structure and how you can get started of the kitchen table.
- You don t need an expensive college education and why that is probably a disadvantage in this business.
- This is the perfect time to get started in the import export business
You May Be Surprised By What You Learn in This Report as My Methods are Simple Yet So Effective
I ll reveal to you my insider secrets gleaned from over 35 years experience in the import export business experience! As they say Nothing Takes the Place Of Experience
Once you decide you want to be an import export agent we ll then move on to some of the other things you will need to learn. Remember that I will be with you every step of the way as you build you knowledge and skill base to be a successful Importer or Exporter.
Some of The Other Things You Will Need to Learn Are
- How to find and negotiate deals using other people s money (not your own!)
- How to find the right in demand and high profit margin products
- How to choose the most cost effective freight methods for your product
- What are the Incoterms 2010 and how to write them into your contract
- How to find top quality suppliers that are reliable and honest
- How to protect yourself against any unforeseen events
- How to build a client base that will stay loyal for years to come
- How to keep all your profits . Tax Free
This is your chance to gain all the import export business building knowledge you need. With my coaching you can easily avoid the costly mistakes and errors that other new import export agents and business owners make.
You ll love the freedom of working for yourself and doing what you want, when you want.
You ll be able to work from home as much or as little as you like. It s all up to you!
When you work with me I ll help you walk down the road to financial success!
So just sign up for the free report and let s get started building your own Import Export Business Today!
I m looking forward to helping you get started
Dedicated To Your Import Export Business Success
P. S. Remember, owning your own successful import export business will give you the freedom of being your own boss and allow you to live the lifestyle you truly deserve. And you can do it with little or no cash as the only investment is your free time.
P. P. S. I m for a limited time offering my personal support and mentoring, so you ll get all the help and coaching you need on your path to success.
P. P. P. S. Remember to collect your free offer on this page on, How to Get Started With Your Own Import Export Business as it will open your eyes to a new world of possibility.
Job Title: General Manager Freight Forwarding (Logistics Executive)
Employer: Akay HR & Allied Service Ltd.
Duty Station: Dar Es Salaam
Application Deadline: 5th August 2013
Operations / Sales Commercial / Business Development Key Accounts Finance / People Management
Job Description Hands-on in maintaining operational excellence, lead the response to tenders and RFQ s, and win new clients. Represent the Freight Forwarding Division (Land Transportation trucking) in GCC Responsible for operational execution in the key sectors travel in-country and to group network Make proposals, respond to RFQ s etc to win profitable new business Streamline operational processes and SOP’s Responsible for the budget, business plan, reporting and general management of the office. Formulation of the overall division strategy, ensuring delivery of revenue and profit growth, and implementation of the freight management activity. Motivate and drive the group for achieving set targets Develop personal relationships with high value accounts Select freight operational leadership team Ensure KPI s of freight operations are met for achieving productivity results Network with group for expanding trade lanes volumes Control costs in line with growth prospects Ensuring customer satisfaction and operational excellence
Requirements At least 5-7 years experience at management level in freight forwarding for major multinational preferably Local clearing and forwarding, trucking and special project forwarding Logistics Preferably with degree in logistics related studies Commercial flair and a proven ability to develop new business and able to develop close relationships with key clients Strong leadership and motivator Good English communication skills
This position demands proficiency and excellent working experience.
Salary would not be a constraint for deserving candidates.
How to ApplyPlease send your comprehensive CV IN PDF or MS WORD FORMAT (not testimonials) to Charles@demeter-group.com or P.O.Box 38346, Dar es Salaam.
Aerodynamic trailer designed with CGI software
A NEW aerodynamic lorry designed by a Manchester Metropolitan University lecturer is cutting fuel and design costs for businesses.
Dr Peter Twigg, from the School of Engineering, helped Altrincham-based Cartwright Group design more efficient trailers for commercial vehicles which would drastically reduce drag and save on fuel costs.
Now, predicted three-year turnover at the firm is 18million thanks to the new design approach.
Dr Twigg and KTP Associate Anthony Bukowski were working with the firm through the Knowledge Transfer Partnership (KTP) – a venture involving companies, higher education institutions and academics with the aim of helping to turn the knowledge that businesses are seeking into projects.
And thanks to Dr Twigg s use of 3-D modelling on the effects of wind on the trailer, the company was able to save thousands on prototype costs as well as showing potential customers just what the new trailer can do.
While his work over the four-year project earned him the outstanding grade from the KTP its highest accolade.
Dr Twigg said: About four years ago I was involved with preliminary discussion with John Cartwright from the company to use CGI software to model wind flowing over trailer models just a visual thing, it didn t give information out.
He was very interested in developing that into a full KTP proposal. The actual project aim was to develop a high-efficient, low-carbon trailer. He was particularly interested in not just optimising the design but to be able to pull the potential trailer model instantly in the 3-D wind tunnel.
It can now be seen on roads up and down the country being hauled by some of the nation s biggest firms, such as ASDA.
Dr Twigg added: It was two-fold, they already had highly efficient trailers but had problems communicating that to customers. They could show the customers how it worked with the 3-D modelling.
It was also very expensive to build prototypes to try out new designs, so it could be done in the virtual world instead at lower costs.
It substantially lowers fuel use. It will pay for itself several times over.
“I see the trailers everywhere now and it is quite a nice thing.
Manchester Metropolitan University is a leading university for the professions and a powerful driver of the North West economy.
The University educates and trains large numbers of the region s legal and business professionals, scientists, engineers, teachers, health workers and creative professionals. It enjoys an excellent reputation for teaching and applied research and is a recognised innovator in partnership working with its local communities. The University is currently investing almost 300 million in its estate and facilities.